deduction / induction

deduction / induction
   Deduction is the explanation of particular facts from a general principle. Since all robins have red breasts and that bird has a red breast, it must be a robin.
   Induction is drawing a general principle from a particular set of facts: I've seen several robins and they all have red breasts, so robins must have red breasts.

Confused words. 2014.

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  • deduction / induction —    Deduction is the explanation of particular facts from a general principle. Since all robins have red breasts and that bird has a red breast, it must be a robin.    Induction is drawing a general principle from a particular set of facts: I ve… …   Confused words

  • induction — [ ɛ̃dyksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIVe; « suggestion » 1290; lat. inductio 1 ♦ Opération mentale qui consiste à remonter des faits à la loi, de cas donnés (propositions inductrices) le plus souvent singuliers ou spéciaux, à une proposition plus générale. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • deduction — 1 Deduction, abatement, rebate, discount are comparable when they mean an amount subtracted from a gross sum. Deduction is interchangeable with any of the others but not without some loss in precision. An abatement is a deduction from a levied… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • deduction — deduction, induction Deduction is the inferring of particular instances from known or observed evidence; induction is the inferring of a general rule from particular instances …   Modern English usage

  • induction — deduction, induction Deduction is the inferring of particular instances from known or observed evidence; induction is the inferring of a general rule from particular instances …   Modern English usage

  • induction — induction, inductive The inverse of deduction . Induction begins from particular observations from which empirical generalizations are made. These generalizations then form the basis for theory building. So called analytic induction is common in… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Induction logique — Induction (logique) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Induction. À la différence de la déduction qui impose des propositions de départ non supposées vraies, l induction se propose de chercher des lois générales à partir de l observation de faits… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • déduction — [ dedyksjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1355; lat. deductio I ♦ Action de soustraire une somme d une autre. ⇒ décompte, défalcation, retranchement, soustraction. Faire la déduction des sommes déjà payées. Déduction faite des arrhes versées. Somme qui entre, vient… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Induction — • Induction is the conscious mental process by which we pass from the perception of particular phenomena (things and events) to the knowledge of general truths Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Induction     Induction …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Deduction et induction — Déduction et induction Le couple Déduction et induction constitue un des dualismes qui structurent l histoire de la philosophie. Définition La déduction logique se fonde sur des axiomes ou des définitions, et ne produit que des résultats… …   Wikipédia en Français

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